The International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance has some glorious charts as well as maps in a Powerpoint presentation that we used. Read their introduction on electoral system design.
See also this map of voting systems of the world.
The Library of Parliament of Canada also has a clear report on electoral systems.
The Independent Commission on the Voting System in the UK, reports on how even well-established parliamentary systems need to periodically reflect on how truly representative and accountable their voting process is. Also see Canadian Electoral Reform.
See also Dr. Jose Abueva’s primer on the changes proposed for the party system (2 party system, representation in official bodies for them, state funding of parties, etc.).
The show focused on the implications of such proposals. For other views on similar questions, refer to the following.
It’s worth considering that Italy is considering adopting features of the presidential system. So is India, which has been under the parliamantary system for over half a century. This paper, Presidential and Parliamentary Systems in Government: Recent Trends in World Democracies , a report by T. Rajavardhan, makes for interesting reading (click thumbnail to download).
For an academic discussion of how cabinets under the presidential and parliamentary systems work, in terms of how decisions are made, take a look at Jean Blondel and Nick Manning’s Why Should Ministers do As They Say? ‘Full’ and “Partial’ Cabinet Decision-making Structures in Government. (click thumbnail to download).
How do political institutions affect economies? Guido Tabellini discusses the question, based on some what ifs -what if presidential Argentina turned parliamentary, or the USA were to adopt proportional representation instead of the majoritarian system it’s had, what would be the economic effects? The summary of his conclusions are interesting (click thumbnail to download).