On a nit-picky note, aside from nit-picking on costumes, some details like calling him “Emilio Famy Aguinaldo” is an anachronism –that’s how most people enumerate their names today, but not then: it would have been Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (and he only ever signed his name Emilio Aguinaldo). Details like that torpedo my enjoyment of period films. Jessica Zafra once wrote a devastating critique of many Filipino period films so I won’t dwell on the matter further, thank you very much.
Symbols over the generations
Tomorrow is Rizal Day, the most venerable of our secular national observances, the first Decree mandating it as a day of national remembrance and mourning having been issued by Aguinaldo in 1898.
Many of the tangible aspects of our nationhood, as the Rizal Day decree suggests, date to Aguinaldo. There is, for example, the national anthem itself, which is one part Marcha Real (the Spanish anthem); Verdi’s Grand March from his opera, Aida; and Marseillaise (the French anthem):
Aguinaldo outlived his contemporaries and actively sought to explain his role throughout the revolution and first republic. In 1949, he posed for a photo taken by E.Z. Izon and was interviewed by Teodoro M. Locsin:
Starting as a 2nd Lieutenant, then as Captain and then Major, Quezon joined the Philippine Army during the Philippine-American War and became an aide-de-camp to President Aguinaldo. In this Filipino translation of his memoirs, he recalls the time he spent as Aguinaldo’s aide-de-camp:
Quezon as a young officer in the Philippine Army, Bataan. He began as a 2nd Lieutenant, was promoted to Captain, and then Major. From Quezon’s autobiography, The Good Fight: Sa Pantabangan ay ako’y…
After serving as Aguinaldo’s aide-de-camp, Quezon was then assigned to Gen. Tomas Mascardo in Bataan, and in his autobiography, he recounts his period of service there:
1. General Tomas Mascardo, who was Quezon’s commander in the latter part of the Philippine-American War. 2. Major Tomas Mascardo Jr. was military aide-de-camp of President Quezon (seen at the right of…
Larry Henares also recounted the reconciliation, which he says he witnessed:
Larry Henares on the reconciliation of Aguinaldo and Quezon -although his account is a year off, since the reconciliation was publicized when June 12, 1941 was celebrated as Flag Day, which means this…